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A Quick Guide to Cadence Ranges for Spinning<sup>®</sup> Classes

A Quick Guide to Cadence Ranges for Spinning® Classes

Measure And Monitor Your Cadence To Maximize Your Workouts

Cadence, or pedal speed, is measured in pedal stroke revolutions per minute (rpm). For example, a cadence of 60 RPM means that one pedal makes a complete revolution 60 times in one minute. Likewise, a cadence of 110 RPM means that one pedal makes a complete revolution 110 times in one minute.

How to Monitor Cadence

A Spinner® bike with a computer will display your cadence or you can monitor your cadence with periodic cadence checks. Simply count the revolution of one leg for 15 seconds and then multiply by four. Count by holding out one hand and let your thigh tap your palm at the top of each pedal stroke.

Cadence Range For Flat Roads

The cadence range for a flat road is 80–110 RPM, which is based on realistic road cycling cadences. If you’re tempted to pedal faster, add slightly more resistance first — even a flat road means riding with some resistance.

In a Spinning class, we simulate the challenges of real road cycling, such as headwinds, road friction and bigger gears, by increasing the resistance.

How fast is too fast? If your cadence is over 110 RPM, it’s too fast. Even when your cadence is under 110 RPM, if you are bouncing in the saddle, that’s a good indication you’re not in control of your pedal stroke. When your cadence is too high with too little resistance, your pedals are turning because of the momentum of the weighted flywheel — it means you’re not working and it’s unsafe.

Cadence Range For Hills

The cadence range for climbing hills is 60–80 RPM. It’s a slower cadence because there is more resistance on the flywheel, simulating an uphill ride. The more you turn the resistance knob to the right, the steeper the hill, and the slower your pedaling becomes.

The lower limit of 60 RPM on a hill is set for safety reasons. To climb a steep hill, find the highest amount of resistance you can maintain while maintaining good form at 60 RPM. If your resistance is so heavy that you cannot maintain at least 60 RPM, you run the risk of putting too much stress on your knees. Your resistance is too high when you need to twist your body and throw your body weight into pushing the pedals downward.

Five Core Spinning® Movements
Cadence Ranges
Hand Position
Seated FlatCadence: 80-110 RPMHand Position: 1, 2 or 2.5
Standing FlatsCadence: 80-110 RPMHand Position: 2 or 2.5
JumpsCadence: 80-110 RPMHand Position: 2 or 2.5
Seated ClimbsCadence: 60-80 RPMHand Position: 2 or 2.5
Standing ClimbsCadence: 60-80 RPMHand Position 3

Prepared by Wendy Moltrup | Last updated February 25, 2014

4 comments

  1. Does HP 2.5 apply to “The Spinner” indoor bike only

    • Christina Castaneda

      Hi Donna, Hand Position (HP) 2.5 is used on most indoor cycling bikes however every outdoor cyclist’s hand grip is unique to their comfort. On a road bike, HP 2.5 is not a safe grip because you are not in an advantageous position to utilize the brakes.

  2. What does hand positon 2.5 mean?

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